Looks like a Driver Issue. try updating drivers with sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade. Also, try it on another Linux distro. Try Ubuntu and Pop OS. If you're not a fan of Debian, then Endeavor, Manjaro or Fedora. Better yet, Get Ventoy and burn all these ISOs at the same time and try them out one by one. See if the problem persists on all of these distros. make sure to update the system in each case.