Instead of "cloning" I would recommend just a copy/paste from old to new.
And depending on the folder structure, don't grab it all at once. Some subset of folders from old to new, and then the next subset.
This way, you can know when/if some files fail due to drive corruption.
A clone operation may do the whole thing, mostly. Ignoring any bad sectors, which you won't know about until much later.
After that, all that needs happen is the new drive ends up wit the same drive letter as the old drive.