Regarding the speeds of the CONNECTORS:
Type A connectors do come in different models for USB 2 and USB 3.2. Older USB 2 Type A has 4 contact strips on a plastic base in the connector, and the plastic now is coloured black. The new USB 3.2 version looks very similar except that the plastic is blue. HOWEVER, look closely inside and you will see FIVE additional contacts in the back of the connector. If the male connectors AND female sockets do NOT have those five extra contacts in them, they are not USB 3.2.
USB 3.2 now comes in three main versions or speeds (a faster is coming, MAY be called another version of 3.2 or maybe USB 4.) Gen1 is max 5 Gb/s data transfer rate, Gen2 is max 10 Gb/s, and Gen 2x2 is 20 Gb/s. The USB people say that a true USB 3.2 Type A connector is just fine for the slowest of those (Gen 1, 5 Gb/s) and MAY work of Gen2, but not guaranteed. You should be using the newer Type C connector system for Gen2, and MUST use them for Gen2x2. Now, there are not a lot of devices available that can actually supply data to a communication sybsystem at a rate exceeding 5 Gb/s. No mechanical hard drives (with spinning disks and moving heads) are that fast - not even high-performance desktop HDD's, never mind slower-performance "Laptop hard drives". SOME SSD's can deliver data over 5 Gb/s, but not over 10. So for use with a single laptop HDD, even a Type A USB 3.2 connector system SHOULD give you that Gen1 performance.