Question Does Nvidia/AMD board partners literally make ALL there video cards from scratch?

SeriousGaming101

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Mar 17, 2016
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I'm not sure how it works. When companies like Nvidia and AMD release new video cards, and then their AIB like EVGA, GIGABYTE, ASUS and ETC. release there video cards...

Do the AIB partners create each video card from scratch? For example, Nvidia and AMD send the AIB the digital blueprints for their new video card. And then the AIB just looks at the blueprint and then mass manufactures the chip + PCB + custom coolers in their own factories? (Like licensing a copyright/patent to a company)

OR

Does Nvidia/AMD only manufactures the main square chip in the middle of the card themselves in mass quantities and then sends them to the AIB to install them on the AIB's own PCB + Cooler designs?
 

Barty1884

Titan
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As far as I know, Nvidia mass-produce the GPU die itself (either in-house or outsourced to the likes of TSMC for fab, with AMD owning no fabs and outsourcing everything), and they send specs for the reference board to the AIB to install the die on.

I believe both Nvidia and AMD work with CoolerMaster for their FE cards.

AIB will typically implement the reference board for the first run of cards, entry-level priced models etc.... and design/implement a new cooler, or slightly rework (or outright repurpose) old designs.

Remember, most of the 'work' is assembly. They're not reinventing the wheel for power delivery etc, they're all 'off the shelf' components.

Reference is typically used first, as full-blown drivers & verification isn't available.... They essentially reverse engineer to come up with the custom PCB options.
 

hotaru.hino

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Sep 1, 2020
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From what I gather, NVIDIA supplies a reference design for boards so AIBs have a baseline of what works. NVIDIA also supplies the GPUs for AIBs to integrate. An AIB doesn't have to adhere to this reference design, but they have to make sure the card performs reliably and within spec of the base specification numbers NVIDIA sets out.

So for example, I imagine an AIB can't take a RTX 3080 and skimp on enough components such that the 3080 has to run at a lower spec than what NVIDIA defined. The AIB has to make sure the GPU runs at the base specifications.
 

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