Question Few questions, starting shopping for a budget GTX

May 12, 2020
So I had to get a new desktop on short notice for a SE course I unexpectedly started. Fortunately it was right on time with the stimmy checks because I was broke (and had other expenses). I managed to find an adequate machine ( I got a Dell Inspiron 3671 ) on time/budget constraints, but it came with no graphics card (Integrated Intel UHD 630) which was still better than my old lappy. So now I want to find a passable budget card to pop in. I'm not extremely picky, I plan on getting a better machine in a year if I can find a job with the full stack cert I'll have by then. I just want to be able to play some of the games I can't play. I haven't bought a card in a long, long time, so I am just getting my feet wet looking at the options.
I'm in the US
  • i5-9400 CPU (6 core ~2.9gHz (4.1gHz turbo))
  • 16GB 2666MHz DDR4 RAM
  • 24in 1920 * 1080 @60GHz monitor
  • (HDMI and DVI-D (SL))
  • 290W PSU :/
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  • how the hell do I make it stop listing lol
Okay, so Like I said, budget, not too picky (obvs) I was comparing GTX 1050 Ti and 1650 Super, and someplace I found a good deal on what looks like a decent 1650 (not super) for the same price as the 1050Ti, but it's low profile. Member, I'm outta practice here, so if I understand correctly, aside from being smaller, low profile cards don't actually draw power from the PSU? is that right? So what's the catch? What's the drawback to low-profile?
I'm trying to narrow down to what specs matter. Do I care if it's HDMI 2.0 or 2.0b? I know what the difference is, but I'm not entirely sure how it fits into the big picture. I haven't opened it up yet to see how much room, but I get the impression it's not too restrictive, at least the x16 PCIe slot is FH which I believe means full height? It's a mini tower I guess, so I certainly need to check how much room before I buy anything but I don't think I need a low profile card necessarily. I believe if I go for the 1660Super I was looking at first, ($240) I would need to upgrade the PSU. (And I'd rather keep it under 200 anyway) Will my PSU be able to handle the 1650? Dell does sell the 3671 with a 1650 and the same PSU, but that doesn't necessarily mean it's a-ok.
So since I'm feeling pretty newbish and I don't want to make a bad choice, I came to the right place to get some friendly advice from people who know better. I know the 1050 won't play some of the games that obvs the 1650 can. I think I saw a game or two that even the 1650 supposedly isn't enough for. No big, I'll play whatever I can. But assuming that I'll be buying a better machine in a year or two and based on my specs.... Guide me, pls?

Also, what's the deal with the 2.9gHz, 4.1 turbo? Do I have to turn that on somewhere? Or does it automatically kick in when I need it?
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Unfortunately in order for you to drop in a discrete GPU that will allow you to play games, you're going to have to invest on a PSU as well. What's worse in your platform is that your motherboard is proprietary.

In order for you to understand why I'm(or we) are saying no, is that the PSU lacks the power to feed into every component. Read this chart,