W10 is pretty resilient in that way, it can adapt itself to many changes but some present much worse problem.
Going from Legacy BIOS to UEFI and vice versa.
Going from SATA modes IDE to AHCI or RAID or other way around.
Nothing is stopping you from trying, in best cases you may have to replace relevant drivers and in worst case it may not BOOT or run.
In any case you should backup your files, use Microsoft Media Creation Tool (MCT) to download exact same W10 version (Home or Pro, 64 or 32 bit, same language) and let it make BOOT/Setup USB or disk so you can do clean install or even try In place upgrade or Repair old setup.