My first assumption is no. Some of the RGB setups out there run on 12V and some on 5V. And Gigabyte, at least, likes their RGBW.
I wouldn't put it past someone to make an autodetecting RGB controller, but it would be a significant expense and not terribly sought after. Once you buy into an ecosystem best to stick with it. (Which is exactly why they didn't all get together and just make a standard)